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MWK RiSC - Reference Architecture for Customized Quality Modeling and Analysis

Funded by MWK (Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts Baden Württemberg)
Volume approx. 100,000 Euro
Head Dr. Robert Heinrich
Members Sandro Koch, Misha Strittmatter

Software is an essential part in the value chain of many companies. This affects not only the IT-industry itself, but nearly all German industries, as software is the main driver of many innovations. In 2014 the value created in German economy by software was similar to automotive industry. Mobility, energy, and infrastructure strongly depend on software which is not always of high quality. Critical performance or security issues for instance arise from bad software quality. During development and operations of a software system various concerns must be considered. Quality aspects are examples of concerns which may differ from one project to another. For instance, performance is highly relevant for a web shop whereas for a storage service security may be more relevant. Especially in the cloud context quality aspects like privacy can only be assessed reasonably during operations which, in contrast to aforementioned ones, makes development analysis widely unrewarding.

Further, software interacts with other domains (e.g., in Industry 4.0) like business processes, mechanics or electronics where only a subset may be relevant for a certain software project. Currently, developers and operators must apply different analysis tools for each concern. Each tool requires specific input models of different languages. Hence, the input models are not integrated and require enormous manual effort for creation and maintenance. Quality goes beyond most architecture description languages (i.e., meta-models). The commonly agreed modeling language in software engineering UML does not consider quality aspects. Even its extension MARTE is restricted only to performance. Languages and tools that comprise all possible concerns would be very large, unhandy and hard to maintain. The proposed project targets more flexibility in Model-Driven Development (MDD) by using MDD adaptation capabilities to tailor modeling languages to specific concerns. The proposal addresses the concerns quality aspect, domain, and lifecycle phase. We aim for improving efficiency and scalability of modeling and analysis approaches by focusing the effort merely on the relevant concerns and enabling easy tool customization. Key scientific contribution will be a reference architecture for specification and analysis of various concerns. We will use an iterative, case study-driven approach to co-develop foundations and their application.



Robert Heinrich et al. "An Architectural Model-Based Approach to Quality-aware DevOps in Cloud Applications". In: Software Architecture for Big Data and the Cloud (2017)

Kiana Rostami et al. "Architecture-based Change Impact Analysis in Information Systems and Business Processes". In: 2017 IEEE International Conference on Software Architecture (ICSA2017). isbn: 978-1-5090-5729-0. doi: 10.1109/ICSA.2017.17. url: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICSA.2017.17

Georg Hinkel et al. "Refinements and Structural Decompositions in Generated Code". In: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Model-Driven Engineering and Software Development. 2018.

Sandro Koch. Challenges in modularization of discrete event simulations. In Collaborative Workshop on Evolution and Maintenance of Long-Living Software Systems, February 2018. CEUR-WS. February 2018.

Sandro Koch. Towards semantic composition of event-based simulation. In 5th Design For Future Workshop, March 2018. Softwaretechnik-Trends. March 2018.

Sandro Koch et al. Towards a metamodel for modular simulation environments. In Models and Evolution Workshop, ACM/IEEE 21st International Conference on Model Driven Engineering Languages and Systems (MODELS), October 2018. CEUR-WS. October 2018, October 2018.

Robert Heinrich et al. Architecture-based change impact analysis in cross-disciplinary automated production systems. Journal of Systems and Software, 146:167 -- 185, 2018.


Previous Project-related Publications

Robert Heinrich et al. “Integrating business process simulation and information system simulation for performance prediction”. In: Software & Systems Modeling 16.1 (2017), pp. 257–277.

Reiner Jung et al. GECO: A generator composition approach for aspect-oriented DSLs. In 9th International Conference on Model Transformation, ICMT 2016, pages 141-156. Springer. 2016.

Reiner Jung et al. “A Method for Aspect-oriented Meta-Model Evolution”. In: Proceedings of the 2Nd Workshop on View-Based, Aspect-Oriented and Orthographic Software Modelling. VAO ’14. York, United Kingdom: ACM, July 2014, 19:19–19:22. isbn: 978-1-u4503-2900-2. doi: 10.1145/2631675.2631681

Misha Strittmatter and Robert Heinrich. “A Reference Structure for Metamodels of Quality-Aware Domain-Specifc Languages”. In: 13th Working IEEE/IFIP Conference on Software Architecture. Apr. 2016, pp. 268–269. doi: 10.1109/WICSA.2016.51 . url: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpls/abs_all.jsp?arnumber=7516841

Misha Strittmatter and Robert Heinrich. “Challenges in the Evolution of Metamodels”. In: 3rd Collaborative Workshop on Evolution and Maintenance of Long-Living Software Systems. Vol. 36(1). Softwaretechnik-Trends. 2016, pp. 12–15.

Misha Strittmatter et al. “A Modular Reference Structure for Component-based Architecture Description Languages”. In: 2nd International Workshop on Model-Driven Engineering for Component-Based Systems (ModComp). CEUR, 2015, pp. 36–41. url: http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-1463/paper6.pdf

Misha Strittmatter et al. “Challenges in the Evolution of Metamodels: Smells and Anti-Patterns of a Historically-Grown Metamodel”. In: 10th International Workshop on Models and Evolution (ME). (Saint Malo, France). CEUR Vol-1706, Oct. 2016. url: http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-1706/

Misha Strittmatter et al. “Extensible Graphical Editors for Palladio”. In: Symposium on Software Performance (SSP). Nov. 2016